There is a lot of things property owners can do in and round to prevent and get rid of pests before they can use chemicals. Eliminate conditions conducive to pest infestations would be the first step in controlling a pest. Although it might seem very easy to spray some thing down to get rid of a pests. Introducing chemicals to the environment will have a greater impact in the long run.
The goal of pesticide use is to apply products that will remain in the target area long enough to control the specific pests and then degrade into harmless compounds in the soil, air or water without contaminating the environment. Once applied, many pesticides are mobile in the environment. This movement can be beneficial if the pesticide is carried to a specific target area, like Bed bugs in a mattress, or if it helps to ensure that degradation occurs at the proper time and place.
When homeowners first notice pests in or around their property, the tendency is to just react to the problem and apply a quick fix. However, it’s important to take a proactive stance when it comes to pest control. Identifying and fixing the underlying causes of pest problems greatly diminishes future pest trouble.
It’s important to look around the property for conducive conditions. Conducive conditions are existing situations that may either cause or indirectly lead to pest infestations.The majority of these pests bring danger to your home and family. Investing in Pest control will watch over investments, carpenter ants can cause huge expenses in home and deck damage if not treated. Rats and mice may carry diesases such as Hantavirus especially the droppings they leave every on heating ducts. Bed bugs bites will cause a sleepless night. Cockroaches can give you dysentery and typhoid,Walking in a cobwebs in the morning from spiders in no fun and the list goes on.Commercial customers simply have too much at stake to risk destroying their reputations and brand equities by relying on generic pest-control products. For example, in some industries such as food & beverage processing and food retail & hospitality, pests could potentially increase the risk of food poisoning.
MOVEMENT OF PESTICIDES IN THE EVIRONMENT
The widespread use and disposal of pesticides by farmers, institutions and the general public provide many possible sources of pesticides in the environment. Following release into the environment, pesticides may have many different fates. Pesticides which are sprayed can move through the air and may eventually end up in other parts of the environment, such as in soil or water. Pesticides which are applied directly to the soil may be washed off the soil into nearby bodies of surface water or may percolate through the soil to lower soil layers and groundwater. The application of pesticides directly to bodies of water for weed control, or indirectly as a result of leaching from boat paint, runoff from soil or other routes, may lead not only to build up of pesticides in water, but also may contribute to air levels through evaporation.
This incomplete list of possibilities suggests that the movement of pesticides in the environment is very complex with transfers occurring continually among different environmental compartments. In some cases, these exchanges occur not only between areas that are close together such as a local pond receiving some of the herbicide application on adjacent land but also may involve transportation of pesticides over long distances. The worldwide distribution of DDT and the presence of pesticides in bodies of water such as the Great Lakes far from their primary use areas are good examples of the vast potential of such movement.
PESTICIDES AND HUMAN HEALTH
Pesticide chemicals in their unformulated state are not usually suitable for pest control. These concentrated chemicals are active ingredients may not mix well with water, may be chemically unstable, and may be difficult to handle and transport. For these reasons, manufacturers add inert substances, such as clays and solvents, to improve application effectiveness, safety, handling, and storage. Inert ingredients do not possess pesticidal activity and are added to serve as a carrier for the active ingredient. Manufacturers will list the percentage of inert ingredients in the formulation or designate them as “other ingredients” on their labels. There are several inert substances, such as petroleum distillates and xylene, which will have a specific statement identifying their presence in the formulation.
Pesticides are frequently found in surface and ground water. That statement, although true, does not by itself give a complete picture of the situation. After decades of testing water for the presence of pesticides, very few samples have been found to contain enough pesticide to be a human health concern. Rarely are concentrations found that could affect small aquatic organisms or animals that feed on fish. The National Water Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA) has published a report of pesticides in streams and ground water
Pesticide strength of the bonds depends on the interaction of the pesticide’s chemical properties, its concentration in the soil water, the soil pH and the composition of the soil . If bound to the soil, the pesticide is unlikely to leach or runoff. Some highly soluble pesticides bind strongly with soil. The more clay particles and organic matter that are in the soil, the more the pesticide is held by the soil and becomes immobile. Strongly adsorbed pesticide molecules do not leach or move unless the soil particles to which they are adsorbed move with water. The longer the molecules of a pesticide are held, the more likely it is that microbiological degradation will occur, which reduces the risk of leaching and runoff.
When Rachel Carson wrote Silent Spring in 1962, she raised public awareness about the effects of pesticide use on our health and our environment. However, almost forty years after Carson drew attention to the health and environmental impacts of DDT, use of equally hazardous pesticides has only increased. And all the time there is more evidence surfacing that human exposure to pesticides is linked to health problems. For example, in May 2010, scientists from the University of Montreal and Harvard University released a study that found that exposure to pesticide residues on vegetables and fruit may double a child’s risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a condition that can cause inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity in children.
Pesticides are used in our schools, parks, and public lands. Pesticides are sprayed on agricultural fields and wood lots. Pesticides can be found in our air, our food, our soil, our water and even in our breast milk.Pesticides have been linked to a wide range of human health hazards, ranging from short-term impacts such as headaches and nausea to chronic impacts like cancer, reproductive harm, and endocrine disruption.Acute dangers – such as nerve, skin, and eye irritation and damage, headaches, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, and systemic poisoning – can sometimes be dramatic, and even occasionally fatal.
THE MISSCONCEPTIONS ABOUT PESTICIDES
Natural substances can be used as pesticides, such as extracts of pyrethrum, garlic, tea-tree oil and eucalyptus oil. When these natural chemicals are used as pesticides they become subject to the same controls as pesticides produced synthetically.
The term pesticide covers a wide range of substances that are used for the control of pest species.A common misunderstanding is that the Pesticides Act 1999, which controls the use of pesticides in NSW, does not apply to the use of herbicides. This misunderstanding arises because the term pesticide is sometimes wrongly used to describe insecticides only. The legal definition of a pesticide under the Pesticides Act does, in fact, cover herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, rodenticides and many other types of substances.
Another common misconception is that pesticides made from natural substances or ‘home brews’ are intrinsically safer in all respects than synthetically produced or commercial pesticides. Sodium fluoroacetate (1080) occurs naturally in a number of European plants; however, it is a highly toxic substance that is used to kill pest animals such as rabbits, feral pigs, wild dogs and foxes. All substances whether they are synthetic or naturally derived involve some degree of risk when they are used to control pests.
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